Foundation 101

Hello everyone!

Today’s topic is foundation.  I will tell you a little bit about the many types of foundation available, and how to apply foundation properly.

Foundation is used to create an even colour to the complexion, to cover flaws and give a healthy glow.  A thicker, drier foundation covers more, but it's harder to blend.  On the other hand, a lighter one is easier to blend, but doesn’t conceal imperfections as easily.

Different types of foundation:

Tinted moisturiser
Use if you don't need a lot of coverage but just want something to even out your skin tone.

Liquid foundation
It applies smoothly and is easily found at local drugstores.

Cream foundation
It is thicker than liquid foundation, ideal for normal and dry skin.

Mousse or whipped foundation
Mousse/whipped foundation is liquid foundation with air whipped in, making it lighter and smoother.

Cream-to-powder foundation
You can find this type of foundation in compacts, in tubes or bottles.  Its biggest advantage is the fact that you don't have to put on powder to set it.

Powder foundation
Loose powder or pressed powder.  This type of foundation is ideal for oily skin.

Mineral foundation
Mineral foundation has very few ingredients and tends to be perfect for people with sensitive skin.

Stick foundation
Come in solid form.  These tend to dry quickly and provide a matt finish, ideal for oily skin.

How to apply:
1.   Wash you face.
2.   Apply a moisturising sunscreen, moisturiser or primer.  If your skin is dry, it will absorb the foundation soon after it is applied.  If your face is oily, make sure that your moisturiser is oil-free.

3.   Let the moisturiser, sunscreen or primer set for a few minutes.
4.   Apply concealer where needed.  Pat, never rub, into skin.

5.   Using a make-up sponge, brush or the tips of your fingers, apply dots of foundation on your cheeks, chin, forehead and tip of the nose.  
6.   Blend!  Blending is key for a flawless finish.  

7.   Set the foundation with loose powder immediately after application. 
If you use a sponge or a brush, wash it out regularly.

Use a translucent finishing/setting loose powder.

Heavy foundations and powders, can settle into lines and wrinkles making them look deeper.  Instead, use a sheer tinted moisturiser.  For more tips check out this post: Does your make-up make you look older?

What is your favourite foundation?


Photo from here.


I'm a vegan with a passion for sustainability and clean, cruelty-free products. I mainly write lifestyle, wellness and self-care articles. Since I'm a true crime enthusiast, sometimes I also write about true crime and post videos on my two YouTube channels.


Thank you so much for taking the time to leave a comment! If you ask a question I will answer it asap. – Cosette

  1. Such a useful post! Great job! Btw I love the organization of your blog:)

  2. Great post! I have oily skin and have been using cream foundation ever since, and so puzzled why my face will turn blotchy at end of day. Now i know why LOL. Anyways, thanks for sharing these useful info.

  3. @Aza A I'm glad you found this post helpful! :)

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